Extension Application Techniques
There are two major types of hair extensions: real human hair extensions and artificial hair extensions also called synthetic hair. Real human hair extensions are preferred by most individuals, but it is also much more expensive than extensions made of synthetic hair. For both types there are five main types of application:
· Clip-In extensions – these extensions have sown on hair clips at the weft for easy application and removal at home. All you have to do is attach the clips of each section to your existing hair for added volume, colors, length or thickness. This snap on technique is the least permanent and can be very effective without the disadvantages such as traction alopecia associated with glue adhesive extensions. The hair weft has small toupee clips sewn onto them. Usually a set of clip-in extensions averages six to eight strips of real human hair in varying widths from two inches to eight inches. Each section has a couple of toupee clips that are snapped into place. It can be helpful to lightly tease each section of hair in the area that the clip will apply to, for a more secure grip. This is repeated until each clip-in weft is in place. Clip in hair extensions can be purchased for $100 – $400, depending on desired quality. The clip in hair extensions most commonly come in as a long strand of one contoured piece that can be cut into multiple layers for creating separate layers on your head. When you purchase the hair at a beauty supply store, you also have to purchase the clips and sew them on. Once the clips are sewn in, it is recommended that you clip in the hair and visit a stylist, to help create a look that is natural. Clip-in hair extensions make for a more temporary style, and are easily removed. Clip-ins can be worn all day and all night, however, they must be removed before sleeping, swimming, or bathing. Some people wear clip-ins extensions just for night life, while others wear them every day to work. This shows the versatility of this type of hair extension.
· Weaves – Hair weave is a very general term used to describe human or artificial hair typically utilized for the integration with one’s natural hair. Weaves can alter one's appearance for long or short periods of time by adding further hair to one's natural hair or by covering the natural hair all together with human or synthetic hairpieces (Wikipedia- Artificial Hair Integrations). This type of hair extension is actually woven, sewn, or braided into the hair at the root. This application of weaving also provides added thickness, volume and length, but the tight technique can lead to further hair loss or damage to existing hair if not done right or maintain correctly. Here at Mari Ari we only carry top quality Remy human hair. All of our weaving brands are the best on the market. We also carry our own line of Virgin hair extensions and a top notch Remy pure natural hair extension collection.
· Bonding and Sealing Extensions - is an approach to hair weave that lasts for a shorter period of time in comparison to sew-in weave. It involves the application of hair glue to a section of wefted hair then onto a person's natural hair; special hair adhesives are used in bonding to prevent damage to one's natural hair. This technique is commonly used and does not cause damage to the hair unless taken out without proper directions from a professional. It is advised that weave bonding be installed for up to 3 weeks because the glue begins to loosen up and lessens the attractiveness of the hair. There are 2 types of bonds: soft bond which is flexible and comfortable to wear and are made using latex, acrylic or silicon and hard bond which is the professional name for super glue. Hard bond adhesives last longer than soft bond adhesives because it is not water based and therefore does not fall apart. Nonetheless, the hard bond adhesives are not as comfortable as the soft bond adhesive because they are rigid. These bond generally last 4 to 6 weeks before a maintenance appointment is necessary. Wefts may also be bonded directly to the clients’ hair using special bonding glue. Care must be taken not to bond the wefts directly to the scalp, as it can cause sensitivities in some clients. A patch test is frequently recommended, as per manufacturer's directions.
· Seamless “Skin Weft” Extensions-Seamless hair extensions are on a very flat, thin see through polyurethane skin weft. This system is completely seamless with no bumps. Don't waste precious time adding tape because this hair is pre-taped! Just measure what you need, cut and easily apply.Our seamless hair extensions system requires no adhesives on the scalp, no weaving, braiding, clips, bonding, chemicals or messy removal. You can wear your hair up or down. Ideal for adding length, volume or simply use the hair to add highlights without chemicals. Seamless hair extensions are the most natural appearing method and come in a wide selection of beautiful colors.
· Individual Hair Strand Placement, or Strand by Strand Extensions – this is a type of hair extension in which individual hair strands are orchestrated continuously just below the scalp (attaching to the individuals natural hair) through a technique called tying all over the scalp. This technique also provides added thickness and volume and must be done by a professional stylist. Strand by Strand hair extensions are a common hairstyling trick used to add volume and thickness to thinning hair. There are a variety of ways in which strand by strand hair extensions can be applied, although depending on the technique and stylists. At Mari Ari we sale Keratin U-tip Hair extensions (Fusion), and I-Tip hair extensions (Hair Locks), both are strand by strand applications or methods.
Pros and Cons of Hair Extensions and Weaving
Hair extensions and weaving can offer many wonderful benefits, including giving hair a more voluptuous, healthy “Big” look. For many individuals hair extensions offer a great alternative to thinning hair and hair loss. However, temporary hair extensions like clip-on extensions can fall out easily, must be removed before bathing, sleeping or swimming, and can be blown off in the wind. Make sure you have a professional apply them for best results. When hair extensions are woven into existing hair they offer a more permanent solution for thinning hair and hair loss. See Hair Care Instructions
Remy weft hair extensions are among the highest-quality hair weaves on the market. There are two types of wefts: Machine-Weft and Hand-tied Weft. Hand-tied wefts are thinner and more flexible than machine-tied wefts. The weft is flatter and allows the Remy hair extensions to lay closer to the head giving a more natural look. As the hair underneath grows the flexibility of hand-tied wefts helps to keep the weft from sticking out from the undergrowth. Machine wefts are easier to use and can be located in most hair supply stores. They are the most common type used. With Remi hair extensions the hair doesn't shed like its less-expensive counterparts. The hair is also easier to manage, with fewer tangles. When it comes to attaching the Remy weft extension, the process is the same as any other weave: The easiest and quickest method to attach your hair extension is to use weave bond.
Closures- used to close a weave
The most recent development in weave extensions are lace front closures. Lace fronts are made from a nylon mesh material formed into a cap that is then hand-ventilated by knotting single strands of hair into the tiny openings of the cap called hand tied, giving the hair a more natural and authentic continuity than typical extensions. The extension units can be woven in or attached to a person's hairline with special adhesives. To ensure a proper fit, head measurements are taken into account with this type of weave. A lace frontal is best placed by a professional since more advanced weaving and hair extensions are used. This method is commonly used by women around the world because it makes it possible to have access to a certain part of their scalp and at the same time giving a natural and attractive look.
Cheap hair wefts
The most popular and commonly used form of hair is known as premium hair. It extension hair is sold in the majority of beauty supply stores worldwide. We at Mari Ari do not sell this hair because you get what you pay for. The roots and tips of hairs are interwoven in premium hair which causes tangling. This is due to the opposing cuticle layers catching onto one another. However; as it is the most inexpensive type of hair, and is commonly used for temporary solutions. We believe at Mair Ari Hair Supply we should only sell the best quality hair extensions on the market.
Synthetic hairSynthetic hair is made of a wide array of different synthetic fibers. Synthetic hair, just like human hair, comes in weave (weft) and single strands (bulk) for braids. Synthetic hair does not last as long as human hair because it gets quickly damaged by friction and heat. The quality of hair varies greatly. Depending on quality, it may never look like human hair, as it can be stiff and move differently than human hair. Synthetic hair is much less expensive than human hair. Heating appliances such as curling irons and straightening combs generally should never be used on most types of synthetic hair. There are some newer versions of synthetic hair that are more resistant, human-like hair that can be heat processed allowing for heat styling.
Human hairWith human hair the hair shaft is made up of dead, hard protein, called keratin, in three layers. The inner layer is called the medulla and may not be present. The next layer is the cortex and the outer layer is the cuticle. The cortex makes up the majority of the hair shaft. The cuticle is formed by tightly packed scales in an overlapping structure similar to roof shingles. Most hair-conditioning products attempt to affect the cuticle. There are pigment cells that are distributed throughout the cortex, giving the hair its characteristic color. The cuticle is a hard shingle-like layer of overlapping cells, some five to twelve deep, formed from dead cells that form scales which give the hair shaft strength and protect the inner structure of the hair. The hair cuticle is the first line of defense against all forms of damage; it acts as a protective barrier for the softer inner structures, including the medulla and cortex.
The cuticle is responsible for much of the mechanical strength of the hair fiber. A healthy cuticle is more than just a protective layer, as the cuticle also controls the water content of the fiber. Much of the shine that makes healthy hair so attractive is due to the cuticle. In the hair industry, the only way to obtain the very best hair (with cuticle intact and facing the same direction) is to use the services of "hair collectors," who cut the hair directly from people's heads, and bundle it as ponytails. This hair is called virgin cuticle hair, or just cuticle hair. Most human hair used for weaves and wigs is obtained from Asia (perhaps most often China, India, and Korea).
Color, texture and quality
ColorManufacturers of artificial hair use a standard scale to classify the hair by color. The lower the number is on the package, generally, the darker the color. 1 usually denotes darkest black. These colors vary greatly from one manufacturer to another, and certain specialty hair suppliers also create their own signature patterns and colors. The highest number is the lightest color, which is white or a very light colored blond.
TextureTextures of artificial hair vary from very straight to extremely curly, or kinky. The exact names of curl patterns vary by brand, and the possibilities of curl patterns with synthetic hair are endless, but some examples of packaged textures include:
§ Silky Straight - Straight and smooth, East Asian like hair.
§ Yaki - Straight, usually mimicking the texture of relaxed Afro-Caribbean hair.
§ European - Straight European hair; less straight than Asian hair. May have a tiny amount of wave.
§ Deep Wave - While generally not a true 'wave', it can be made to look like spiral curls.
§ Loose Deep Wave or Romance Wave - Looser version of the deep wave, softer, more romantic curls.
§ Jheri Curl (sometimes colloquially known as 'nappy tracks') - Usually sold in very short lengths, it is often used to recreate the full 'afro' look.
§ Wet and Wavy, can be packaged as Spanish Wave or Indian Wave - Usually human hair is used, and is either naturally curly or permanently waved to appear so. Characterized as having soft, natural-looking curls that revert back to a curly state when wet.
QualityThe quality of the hair is often specified.
§ Virgin hair indicates that the hair hasn't been colored or processed in any way. The "virgin hair" is collected by tying off the hair to maintain the direction of the cuticle and then cut. After the hair is cut and collected it can be sewn on a weft, pre-bonded, made into wigs or left in bulk form.
§ Remy is a term used when all of the hair is human plus when 'close to' all of the strands (e.g. in one weft) are strictly organized with the roots in one direction and the tip to the opposite end. Remy hair in general lasts much longer than non-Remy and tends to stay shiny and "tangle free" longer. This is based on the fact that every strand of hair is biologically keratinized skin cells organized in layers overlapping one another. However, this description is no longer accurate. The word "remy" is being abused in the market, and generally accompanies processed packaged hair.
§ Single drawn is of a slightly lower quality than double-drawn hair. The hairs will have up to a 2" difference in the tips; that is, some hairs will be up to 2" shorter than their original lengths.
§ Double drawn indicates that the collected hair of a certain length has all of the shorter hairs in the bundle manually removed twice, hence the 'double' drawn. This means that hair extensions that are double drawn will have (nearly) as many hair strands at one end as the other and appear much thicker and not wispy at the ends. This process is very laborious, and therefore makes the extensions very expensive.
Shampooing and styling of integrations
Directions included with the integrations may indicate what type of shampoo to use; the methods of brushing, combing and drying that are most advisable; and what heat setting to use when drying the hair, or if it is even advisable to do so.
Most human hair extensions can be treated as real hair, albeit more gently. Since human hair extensions are usually heavily processed to achieve uniform color and texture, a mild shampoo is recommended, along with a light conditioner to reduce tangling. Cool water is recommended when shampooing, to reduce or prevent matting and excessive tangling. Having to remove snarls and tangles loosens the foundation of the integrations and further damages the hair.
The same care taken when shampooing must also be used when styling artificial hair. It's often recommended that the texture of hair purchased should be the style in which the hair is worn. Using heat to straighten curly hair, or to curl straight hair, damages it. The more damage the hair sustains, the shorter the lifespan of the artificial hair.
See More Information on Hair Care Instructions